Alzheimer's disease is one of the brain disorders that causes memory loss at late adulthood. From recent research, late adulthood development begins at the age of 60 years and above. Alzheimer's disease (AD) attack brain neurons and progressively degenerates with time leading dementia. The major public health interest is on how to counter Alzheimer’s disease at the late adulthood age (Alzheimer, 2015).
Previous research and analysis on epidemiology of this disease suggests that, the major risk factor for the Alzheimer's disease is lack of proper nutrition in people’s diet. Epidemiological studies analyses on how dietary patterns and supplementation can be modified to counter attack of Alzheimer's disease at late adulthood development. Analysis made on dietary from recent research points out that, overall healthy diet in meals is gaining momentum over years as it is less associated with Alzheimer’s disease.
Projected number of patients with Alzheimer’s disease by 2050 worldwide is said to be approximately 107 million. From this research analysis society views that the disease is a public health’s major concern as it is a very huge socioeconomic problem. Cognitive and physical related activities have been implemented to counter Alzheimer’s disease at late adulthood development. Currently, diabetes, APOE (epsilon 4 allele of apolipoprotein E) gene, depression and smocking have been identified to be the contributing factors to increased rate of Alzheimer’s disease (Bosco, 2015).
Recent research advances on in pointing out some of the theories explaining the cause of Alzheimer’s disease. Some of the theories explained include; environmental factors such as malnutrition, genetic composition, immune system theory, aging theory, mitochondrial dysfunction and infection agents. These theories base their conclusion that Alzheimer’s disease is a malfunction brain disorder whereby environmental risks and factors interact with genetic composition to accelerate the normal aging at late adulthood development stage.
Development psychology of Alzheimer’s disease
Recent research suggests that development of Alzheimer’s disease starts right away from childhood development stage. During maturity of children, the early- life lifestyle and environment linked at this age determines chances of having Alzheimer’s disease at the late adulthood stage. Early environment at adolescent stage is linked to adulthood stage. Alzheimer’s disease can show earlier symptoms and signs at the adolescent stage (Moceri, 2000). Poor and unconducive environment at early stages of maturity prevent the brain formation and growth from complete maturation. This is the foundation of development of Alzheimer’s disease as the process will not be reversed at late adulthood development stage.
Some of the biological components related to the development of Alzheimer’s disease include genetic formation and background history. For instance, scientists explain genetic risk factor as being one of the factors that can predict whether one will be affected with the disorder or not. Determinant gene leads to the disorder. All those who inherit the gene APP, PS-1 and PS-2 proteins are directly affected by the disorder as from the age of 30 to late adulthood development stage (Rooij, 2010).
Risk gene inheritance only increase the probability of being affected by the disorder but does not guarantee that on will be affected at the late adulthood development stage. Scientists explain that family history can also contribute to Alzheimer’s disease if one or more family members are affected with the disorder. Family history can repeat the chain.
Cognitive components such as brain enhancement, reserve and preservation at early life of development delays Alzheimer’s disease and the probability of affecting one at late adulthood stage is reduced to zero. The socioeconomic environment at early life of children nurtures the maturity of the brain. Recent research explains the theory of environmental conditions as to being a home of the brain at early stages of development. Nutrition and dietary patterns at this age cements the growth and complete maturation of the brain (Pfefferbaum, 2006).
How lack of nutrition influence late adulthood development causing, Alzheimer’s disease.
Recent studies suggest that, nutrition and dietary composition can boost memory or increase chances of Alzheimer’s disease. Further studies explain how these same foods are correlated to the health problems reported to health centers every year. A balanced and healthy diet enhances health and reduces chances of diabetes which is said to accelerate Alzheimer’s disease.
Healthy and mature mind requires balanced nutrients of vegetables, fruits, fats, proteins, minerals and vitamins. Development of plaques in the brain and inflammation is caused by toxins produced as a result of little consumption of nutrients. These toxins at late adulthood stage leads to impaired cognitive reserve and hence memory loss (Alzheimer, 2015). Analysis done by experts have shown that foods such as white bread, cheese, processed meat, microwave, beers and pasta cause inflammation of the brain when highly consumed at the age of 60’s.
Preventive measures for Alzheimer’s disease
From the research done by various specialists Alzheimer's disease is not reversible and has no specific cure. It changes the cognitive reserve and preservation of the mind. However, researchers suggests that it can be prevented by using nutrition plans that tend to treat and prevent chronic diseases that degenerate drastically at the late adulthood stage.
Some of the preventive measures highlighted by some specialists include; increasing magnesium and vitamin levels. Researchers strongly believe optimization of vitamin D improve brain cells efficiency and nurse neurons that have been damaged. Other measures proved to be effective are keeping insulin level below 3 and eating a nutritious diet (Bosco, 2000)
Factors hindering late adulthood development
From research analysis, there are various barriers to development of late adulthood development stage. Such factors include; environmental, social and cognitive changes. For instance, social issues that arise at late adulthood stage have been a common barrier to development. Issues such as poverty at this stage of development may cause to adverse effects on the mental and physical health of the aging people. As a result, joy and happiness get deprived from their lives. Another social issue that arises at this development stage is elderly abuse. Scientists argue that harsh treatment from the young aged people is a form of elderly abuse though being in rare scenarios.
Cognitive changes at late adulthood especially at 80’s results to loss of memory. Evidence shows that aging people loose almost 95% of their memory and cannot make personal decisions. Loss of memory in one’s life forms a barrier at the late adulthood stage. However, some scientists have derived some solutions on how these barriers can be offset to allow effective late adulthood development. Supporting and providing conducive at earlier stages and at late adulthood has proved to be efficient.
Alzheimer’s disease is a disease that starts its development right away from childhood stage and later extends to the late adulthood stage. This clearly suggests that, early-life environment style for child development should be paid attention to so as to allow growth of healthy mind and complete maturation of the brain. This will prevent Alzheimer’s disease at adulthood stage. Epidemiological studies and research recommends consumption of the right nutritious diet throughout development stages to reduce chances of Alzheimer’s disease. Inevitable factors such as family history, aging and genetic inheritance should be overlooked during preventive measures on Alzheimer’s disease. It is not a guarantee that these factors automatically affect one at late adulthood stage.